How to Craft an Extended Essay Proposal?

An extended essay is a type of independent research project that students can complete for their higher level International Baccalaureate Diploma Program. It provides an opportunity for students to dive deep into a subject and explore it from different angles.

The EE proposal provides the framework for the research, outlining the purpose of the project, the methods used to explore the topic, and why the topic is worth researching. A clear, concise, and well-structured EE proposal will help ensure the success of the project.

It is important to acknowledge that the EE proposal is not a mere formality – it should be seen as an integral part of the overall research process. As such, the proposal should reflect careful thought, strong research skills and an in-depth understanding of the chosen topic.

The EE proposal should begin with an introduction that outlines the background of the topic, followed by a brief description of the research question and the objectives of the project. This is then followed by a detailed section discussing the significance of the topic and why it is worth researching. Finally, the proposal should provide a general outline of how the research will be conducted, including how data will be collected and analysed.

By crafting a well-structured EE proposal, students can ensure that their research will be conducted in an effective, and efficient manner, leading to a successful project that meets the expected standards.

How to Craft an Extended Essay Proposal?

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Identify the Topic

When writing an extended essay proposal, the first step is to identify the topic you want to explore and research. It is important to find a suitable topic that will act as the foundation of your essay. It should also be an area of interest to you, as it can be difficult to create an in-depth essay on a topic you don’t have any passion for.

The best way to start your search is to brainstorm potential topics, or use reliable sources such as scholarly articles or journals. From here, narrow down your list to a specific subject area, making sure it is broad enough to provide plenty of material to cover, but not so broad that the focus of your essay becomes blurred.

Once you have decided on the general subject area, target your research further by focusing in on a particular issue or theme within that area, and framing it into a research question. This will help you to create a focused and clear essay.

Keep in mind that the more specific and clearly defined your topic is, the easier it will be to explore and research. Therefore, take the time to thoroughly research topics and narrow down to the best one for you.

Identifying and Crafting a Research Question

When crafting an extended essay proposal, identifying a well-formed and appropriate research question is one of the most important steps. A good extended essay proposal will have an effective research question that helps to focus your essay topic.

Tips for Identifying an Appropriate Research Question

  • Keep it focused – Make sure the research question is relevant to the topic and not too broad or too narrow.
  • Be specific – Make sure the research question is clear with measurable parameters in mind.
  • Make sure it’s doable – Ensure that the research question is realistic and can be accomplished within the time constraints.
  • Create originality – Come up with a research question that produces novel results or insights.
  • Avoid yes or no questions – This type of research question does not provide for adequate analysis or conclusion.

Crafting an Effective Research Question

Once you have identified an appropriate research question, it is important to craft an effective one that will help to guide the rest of your extended essay proposal. Here are some tips to keep in mind while crafting an effective research question:
  • Brainstorm possible questions – Take some time to brainstorm possible questions you could investigate further.
  • Be open-minded – Make sure you are open to new ideas and different perspectives during the brainstorming process.
  • Look for connections – Consider any possible connections between various ideas and try to combine them into one well-crafted question.
  • Check for accuracy – Make sure that the research question accurately reflects what you are trying to investigate.
By following the tips outlined above, you can effectively identify an appropriate research question and craft an effective one that will serve as the foundation of your extended essay proposal.

Creating an effective essay plan

Writing an extended essay proposal can be a daunting task, but the right planning and approach can make the process easier and more manageable. The first step is to create an effective essay plan:

Brainstorm ideas and subtopics

Start by brainstorming ideas and possible subtopics related to your chosen research question. Write down any ideas you have on paper, or collect notes as you research, to help you organise your thoughts in a logical way.

List relevant resources

Once you have identified potential subtopics to explore, start searching for relevant sources such as books, journal articles, and academic websites. Make sure your sources are trustworthy and relevant to your research question.

Develop a thesis statement

Next, develop a thesis statement which will act as the backbone of the essay. A thesis statement is a concise summary of the main point of the essay and should be included in the introduction.

Create an outline

Finally, create an outline of the essay by writing down the main points you want to cover and the resources you plan to use for each point. This will help you stay organised and ensure that your essay flows logically from one point to the next. By following these steps, you will be able to create an effective essay plan that will help you write an outstanding extended essay proposal.

Research & Analyse the Data

When crafting your extended essay proposal, it is important to gather relevant information from different sources. This could be in the form of books, journals, newspapers, magazines and online databases. Research and analysis are key steps when preparing an extended essay proposal.

When researching, it is essential that you identify the most reliable sources that can provide accurate information for your essay. You should also be aware of any bias the source might have and the credibility of the data. It is also important to take notes so you can easily refer back to them when writing your essay.

Once you have collected the necessary data, you should analyse it carefully and thoroughly. Make sure that all the facts and figures you present are accurate. Consider both sides of an argument and give examples to support your statements. Analyse the data objectively and draw conclusions based on the evidence.

In conclusion, researching and analysing data is a crucial part of creating an extended essay proposal. It is important to be careful while searching for relevant sources and then analyse the data objectively. This will ensure that your essay is well informed and well written.

Outlining the Structure of Your Essay

At this point in your extended essay writing, you should have chosen a topic, defined a research question and completed research. Now it’s time to create an effective essay plan with headings and subheadings.

Headings are the titles of sections or subsections of your essay. They work to organize the main points and make it easier for the reader to follow the flow of your argument. Subheadings are smaller, more specific topics that break down the main topic.

When creating a plan for your essay, list all the main points you wish to discuss under a heading. Use subheadings to divide those points into subsections and make them easier to understand. For example, your heading might be ‘Effects of Social Media on Mental Health’; you could use a subheading to discuss ‘Depression’.

It can also be helpful to visualize what your essay will look like. You can draw a mind map, use bullet points or create a table of contents to arrange your points and give structure to your essay. This will help you stay focused and organized and will ensure that your essay flows well.

When creating headings and subheadings, use keywords that accurately describe the points you wish to make. This will help the readers get a better understanding of your essay’s content.

Following a well-structured essay plan will make your essay easier to read and will enable you to present your arguments and evidence in an organized manner. It will also increase the potential for a higher grade, as your essay will be structured, logical and easy to follow.

Constructing the Main Body of the Essay

The main body of your extended essay is where you will present your arguments and evidence. This is where your research and analysis comes in to play. This part of the essay should be structured around your research questions and have logical, linked sections that flow together.

When constructing the main body, start by introducing your arguments and evidence. Make sure they are relevant to your research question. Then, explain each argument, providing solid evidence to support it. Include statistical data or quotes from experts when possible. You could also consider including visuals such as charts or diagrams to illustrate your points.

Make sure to include counterarguments as well. Be sure to address them in a respectful manner, even if you reject them. By doing this, it shows that you have considered all sides of the issue and demonstrates your critical thinking skills.

Once you’ve discussed all your arguments and evidence, summarise your main points and provide a conclusion. This will help tie your essay together and make sure all your points are properly addressed in the end.

By following these steps and taking the time to carefully plan out your essay, you can ensure that you construct a clear and effective main body for your extended essay proposal.

Drafting a Well-Executed Conclusion

Writing a good conclusion is an important part of any essay, but especially so for an extended essay proposal. In order to write an effective conclusion, you need to ensure that you summarize the main points of your essay and provide appropriate recommendations.

Summarizing the Main Points

Before you can write a conclusion, you must have a thorough understanding of the content of your essay. Therefore, it is important to review the key points of your essay and craft a concise summary that will serve as the basis for your conclusion. This summary should include a synopsis of the research question, your analysis and evidence, as well as any other relevant information.

Providing Recommendations

After summarizing the main points of the essay, it is important to provide applicable recommendations. These recommendations can be based on your research, analysis, and evidence. It is important to note that these recommendations should be reasonable and based on factual evidence. Your recommendations should also be supported by reliable sources, such as books and journal articles.


Crafting an effective conclusion for an extended essay proposal is an important element of the writing process. It requires careful summarizing of the main points, as well as providing reasonable recommendations based on research and evidence. Taking your time to create an effective conclusion will help ensure that your essay is cohesive and of high quality.

Proofreading and Editing

Proofreading and editing your extended essay is an important step to ensure its accuracy and clarity. Paying attention to grammar and spelling can make a big difference in your final grade, so it’s worth taking the time to do it properly. Here are some tips on proofreading to help you get started:
  • Read your essay out loud – this will help you to catch any errors that you might have missed.
  • Check for any spelling mistakes – use a spellchecker and go through the words one by one.
  • Read the essay backwards – this will help you to focus on each word individually and spot any errors.
  • Use a grammar checker – this will help to identify any potential grammar mistakes that you may have overlooked.
  • Ask someone else to read it – having a second set of eyes look over your work is always a good idea.
Proofreading and editing is a crucial part of completing a successful extended essay. If you take the time to review your work thoroughly, you’ll have a better chance of getting a higher grade.

Cite and Reference Correctly

Accurate and consistent citing and referencing is a crucial part of any extended essay proposal. Citing sources correctly helps avoid plagiarism and adds credibility to the research. The most common format for citing and referencing is Harvard. It is important to select the correct referencing style for the extended essay and stick to it throughout.

Before you begin, familiarise yourself with the Harvard Referencing System. This can be done by reading up on guidelines and recommendations outlined in various scholarly books and journals. You can also find several helpful resources available online, such as templates and tutorials.

Once you’ve familiarised yourself with the rules and guidelines of the Harvard referencing system, it’s time to start citing and referencing your sources. Start by noting down all the sources you have used in your essay. This includes books, articles, websites, videos, and other resources. Make sure to note down the author(s) of each source, the title of the work, the year and edition of the publication, and the page numbers (if applicable).

When citing each source within the text of your essay, use the author’s surname and the year of publication, e.g. (Smith, 2020). For the full bibliographic reference, include all the details at the end of the essay. This should be listed in alphabetical order according to the author’s last name.

By adhering to the Harvard referencing system, you can ensure that your essay will be well-presented, accurate, and free from plagiarism. This will help to make sure that your extended essay proposal is taken seriously and given the attention it deserves.

It is important to format your extended essay proposal correctly. The layout of your essay should be single spaced, with a font such as Times New Roman at size 12. This will ensure it is easy to read and professional looking. When formatting your extended essay proposal, it is important to pay attention to detail. Every element must be organized in a logical order, from the introduction to the conclusion. Using headings and subheadings can help you organize the information in a clear manner. This will also make it easier to follow the structure of your essay. When citing sources, use the correct citation style. For example, if you are writing a paper in the Harvard referencing style, make sure that all of your citations, in-text references, and references list adhere to the Harvard formatting guidelines. In addition to formatting your extended essay proposal correctly, make sure to add page numbers throughout the document. This allows readers to quickly and easily find a specific page or section. Adding page numbers also helps to increase the overall professionalism and credibility of your essay. Finally, after completing your extended essay proposal, check the layout one more time. Make sure that the formatting has been applied properly and that the entire document looks professional and well-structured. Doing so will ensure that when a reader scans your essay, they will be able to easily understand the content and appreciate its quality.

Revising and Refining the Essay

After all the hard work of writing an essay, revising and refining it is the last step to ensure that your essay is of top-notch quality.

It is important to review the essay, look for any errors or inconsistencies, and ensure that it adheres to the structure and guideline laid out in the proposal. Checking for grammar, spelling and formatting mistakes is also essential to achieving a well-crafted essay.

When reviewing the essay, ask yourself questions such as: Does this essay answer the question asked? Is there any information that is missing? Are the arguments logical and well supported by evidence?

If the essay needs changes, go through the essay and make the necessary revisions. Make sure to double-check that all changes are done correctly and that the essay is still consistent with the initial topic you decided upon.

Refining your essay to make sure it is of high quality can be time-consuming and tedious. However, taking the time to review and refine your essay will be worth it in the end as it guarantees a well-written essay that answers the research question accurately.

Valerie Green

Valerie Green

Valerie Green is a dedicated educator who spends her time helping high school and college students succeed. She writes articles and guides for various online education projects, providing students with the tools they need to excel in their studies. Friendly and approachable, she is committed to making a difference in the lives of students.

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